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Symptoms

The symptoms of hepatitis A include:

  • fever
  • weakness
  • fatigue
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • joint aches and pains
  • vomiting
  • jaundice (yellowish eyes and skin, dark urine and pale-coloured faeces).

Babies and young children often show no symptoms of hepatitis A, but most adults who contract the disease will have symptoms. Symptoms can last more than a month, and the illness itself can last for up to 6 months. Because hepatitis A is so infectious, there is a recommended quarantine period from school and work, and other people in your household (and sexual partners) will be recommended to be tested, vaccinated and possibly receive other medication to prevent infection with the virus. Speak to your doctor about how long you need to be off work if you are diagnosed with hepatitis A.

 

Hepatitis D has the same symptoms as hepatitis B, such as:

  • loss of appetite
  • nausea and vomiting
  • tiredness/fatigue
  • pain in the liver (upper, right side of abdomen)
  • muscle and joint pain
  • jaundice (yellowish eyes and skin, dark urine and pale-coloured faeces)

People who are infected with hepatitis D and hepatitis B have a higher risk of developing chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (major scarring of the liver).


The symptoms of hepatitis E include:

  • fever
  • weakness
  • fatigue
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • joint aches and pains
  • vomiting
  • jaundice (yellowish eyes and skin, dark urine and pale-coloured faeces).

Hepatitis E infection is usually a mild illness, with no long lasting effects. However, pregnant women who become infected with hepatitis E are at risk of severe illness and sudden liver failure with up to 20% dying from the infection. If you develop symptoms while pregnant it is important to see your doctor immediately.